May 23, 2017
Mayor Mitch Landrieu Speech Transcript on Removal of Confederate Monuments
On May 23, 2017, New Orleans mayor Mitch Landrieu gave an address on the removal of Confederate statues and monuments. Read his full speech transcript here.
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Mitch Landrieu: (00:01)
I thank you all for coming today. The soul of our beloved city is rooted in a history that has evolved over thousands of years, rooted in a diverse people who’ve been here together every step of the way through good and through bad. It is a history, our history that holds in its heart the stories of Native Americans, the Choctaw, the Houma, the Chitimacha, Hernando de Soto, Robert Cavalier, Sieur de La Salle, the Acadians, the Islenos, the enslaved people from Senegambia, Free People of Color, the Haitians, the Germans, both empires of France and Spain, the Italian, the Irish, the Cubans, the South and Central Americans, the Vietnamese, and so many more. You see, New Orleans is truly a city of many nations, a melting pot, a bubbling cauldron of many cultures. There is no other place quite like it in the world that so eloquently exemplifies the uniquely American motto E pluribus unum. Out of many, we are one.
Mitch Landrieu: (01:18)
But there are also other truths about our city that we must confront. New Orleans was one of America’s largest slave markets, a port where hundreds of thousands of souls were bought, sold, and shipped up the Mississippi River to lives of forced labor, of misery, of rape and of torture. America was a place where nearly 4,000 of our fellow American citizens were lynched, 540 in Louisiana alone, where our courts enshrine separate but equal, where freedom riders were beaten to a bloody pulp.
Mitch Landrieu: (02:02)
So when people say to me that the monuments in question are history, well, what I just described to you is our history as well, and it is a searing truth, and it immediately begs the question why there are no slave ship monuments? No prominent markers on public land to remember the lynchings or the slave blocks? Nothing to remember this long chapter of our lives of pain, of sacrifice, of shame, all of it happening on the soil of New Orleans? So for those self-appointed defenders of history and the monuments, they are eerily silent on what amounts to historical malfeasance, a lie by omission. There is a difference, you see, between remembrance of history and the reverence of it.
Mitch Landrieu: (03:07)
For America, New Orleans. It has been a long and winding road marked by tragedy and triumph, but we cannot be afraid of the truth. As President George W. Bush said at the dedication ceremony for the National Museum of African American History and Culture, and I quote, “A great nation does not hide its history. It faces its flaws and it corrects them.” So today I want to speak about why we chose to remove these four monuments to the lost cause of the Confederacy, but also how and why this process can move us towards healing and understanding each other. So let’s start with the facts.
Mitch Landrieu: (03:55)
The historic record is clear. Robert Lee, Jeff Davis, PGT Beauregard statues were not erected to just honor these men, but as part of a movement, which became known as the Cult of the Lost Cause. This cult had one goal and one goal only: through monuments and through other means to rewrite history, to hide the truth, which is that the Confederacy was on the wrong side of humanity.
Mitch Landrieu: (04:23)
First erected 166 years after the founding of our cities, 19 years after the Civil War, these monuments that we took down were meant rebrand the history of our city and the ideals of the Confederacy. It is self evident that these men did not fight for the United States of America. They fought against it. They may have been warriors, but in this cause they were not patriots. These statues are not just stone and metal. They’re not just innocent remembrances of a benign history. These monuments celebrate a fictional, sanitized Confederacy, ignoring the death, ignoring the enslavement, ignoring the terror that it actually stood for, and after the Civil War, these monuments were part of that terrorism as much as burning a cross on someone’s lawn. They were erected purposefully to send a strong message to all who walked in the shadows about who was still in charge in this city. A piece of stone, one stone, both stories’ history. One story told, one story forgotten or maybe even purposefully ignored.
Mitch Landrieu: (05:44)
Now, as clear as it is for me today for a long time, even though I grew up in one of New Orleans’s most diverse neighborhoods, even with my family’s proud history of fighting for rights, I must have passed by these monuments thousands of times without giving them a second thought, so I’m not judging anybody. I’m not judging people. We all take our own journey on race. I just hope people listen like I did. When my dear friend Wynton Marsalis helped me see the truth, he asked me to think about all the people who have left New Orleans because of our exclusionary attitudes. Another friend asked me to consider these four monuments from the perspective of an African American mother, a father trying to explain to their fifth grade daughter why Robert D. Lee sat atop of our city. Can you do it? Can you do it? Can you look into the eyes of this young girl and convince her that Robert E. Lee is there to encourage her? Do you think that she feels inspired and hopeful by that story? Do these monuments help her see her future with limitless potential? Have you ever thought? Have you ever thought that if her potential is limited, yours and my potential, my limitless potential as well?
Mitch Landrieu: (07:15)
We all know the answers to these very simple questions. When you look into this child’s eyes is the moment when the searing truth comes into focus. This is the moment when we know what we must do. When we know what is right, we cannot walk away from this truth.
Mitch Landrieu: (07:36)
Now, I knew that taking down these monuments was going to be tough, but you elected me to do the right thing, not the easy thing, and this is what that looks like. So relocating these monuments is not about taking something away from someone else. This is not about politics. It’s not about blame. It’s not about retaliation. This is not about a naive quest to solve all of our problems at once. This is, however, about showing the whole world that we as a city, that we as a people are able to acknowledge, to understand, to reconcile, and more importantly, choose a better future for ourselves making straight what has been crooked and making right what was wrong. Otherwise, we will continue to pay a price with discord, with division, and yeah, violence.
Mitch Landrieu: (08:36)
To literally put the Confederacy on a pedestal in our most prominent places in honor is an inaccurate recitation of our full past, is an affront to our present, and it is a bad prescription for our future. History cannot be changed. It can not be moved like a statue. What’s done is done. The Civil War is over. The Confederacy lost and we’re better for it. Surely we are far enough removed from this dark time to acknowledge that the cause of the Confederacy was wrong. And in the second decade of the 21st century, asking African Americans or anyone else for that matter to drive by property that they own occupied by reverential statues of men who fought to destroy the country and deny that person’s humanity seems perverse. It seems absurd. Century-old wounds are still raw because you see they never healed right in the first place.
Mitch Landrieu: (09:40)
So here is the essential truth. We are better together than we are apart. Indivisibility is our essence. Isn’t this the gift that we the people of new Orleans have given to the world? We radiate beauty and grace in our food, in our music, in our architecture, in our joy of life, in our celebration of death, in everything that we do. We gave the world this funky thing called jazz. It is the most uniquely American art form that has developed across the ages and from different cultures. Think about Second Lines. Think about Mardi Gras. Think about muffaletta. Think about the Saints. Think about gumbo. Think about red beans and rice. By God, just think. All we hold dear is created by throwing everything in the pot, creating, producing something better. Everything, everything a product of our historic diversity. We are proof that out of many, we are one and better for it out of many. We are one and we really do love it.
Mitch Landrieu: (10:44)
And yet, we still find so many excuses to not do the right thing. President Bush’s words, once again. “A great nation does not hide its history. It faces its flaws and corrects them.” We forget. We deny how much we really depend on each other, how much we really need each other. We justify our silence and inaction by manufacturing noble causes that marinate in historic denial. We still find a way to say, wait, wait, wait. Not so fast. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. said, “‘Wait’ has almost always meant never.” We cannot wait any longer. We need to change and we need to change now.
Mitch Landrieu: (11:38)
No more waiting. This is not just about statues. This is about attitudes and it’s about behaviors as well. If we take down these statues and don’t change to become a more open and inclusive society, then all of this would have been in vain. While some have driven by these statues every day and either revered their beauty or failed to see them at all, many of our neighbors and our fellow Americans see them very, very clearly. Many are painfully aware of the long shadows their presence casts not only literally, but figuratively, and they clearly received the message that the Confederacy and the Cult of the Lost Cause was intended to deliver.
Mitch Landrieu: (12:29)
Earlier this week as the Cult of the Lost Cost statue PGT Beauregard came down, world-renowned musician Terence Blanchard who’s with us stood watch with his wife Robin and the two beautiful daughters at their side. You see, Terence went to school on the edge of City Park at a school named after one of America’s great heroes and patriots, John F. Kennedy. But to get there, he had to pass by the monument to a man who fought to deny his humanity, and he said, “I’ve never looked at them as a source of pride. It always made me feel as if they were put there by people who don’t respect us. This is something I never thought I’d see in my lifetime. It’s a sign that the world is changing.” Yes, Terence, it is, and it is long overdue.
Mitch Landrieu: (13:16)
Now is the time to send a new message to the next generation of New Orleanians a message about the future, about the next 300 years and beyond. Let us not miss this opportunity in New Orleans and let us help the rest of America do the same because now, see, now is a time for choosing. Now is the time to actually make this city the city we should have always been had we gotten it right the first time.
Mitch Landrieu: (13:40)
But this is a good place to stop for a moment and ask ourselves at this point in our history, after Katrina, after Rita, after Ike, after Gustav, after the national recession, after the BP oil spill catastrophe, after the tornado, if presented with an opportunity to build monuments that told us story or curate these particular spaces, would these be the monuments that we want the world to see? Is this really our story? You see, we have not erased history. We’re becoming part of the city’s history by righting the wrong image these monuments represent and crafting a better, more complete future for all of our children and for future generations. And unlike when these Confederate monuments were erected as symbols of white supremacy, we now have a chance to create not only new symbols, but to do it together as one people.
Mitch Landrieu: (14:49)
In our blessed land, we come to the table of democracy as equals. We have to reaffirm our commitment to a future way. Each citizen is guaranteed the uniquely American gifts of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. This is what really makes America great, and today it’s more important than ever to hold fast to these values and together say a self-evident truth that out of many, we are one. That is why we reclaim these spaces for the United States of America, because we are one nation, not two. Indivisible with liberty and justice for all, not some. We are all part of one nation and pledge allegiance to one flag, the flag of the United States of America. And here’s the kicker. New Orleanians are in it all of the way. It is in this union, it is in this truth that real patriotism is rooted and it flourishes. Instead of revering a four-year brief historical aberration that was called the Confederacy, we can celebrate all 300 years of our rich diverse history as a place named New Orleans and set the tone for the next 300 years.
Mitch Landrieu: (16:15)
After decades of public debate, of anger, of anxiety, of anticipation, of humiliation, and of frustration at the public hearings and approvals from three separate community boards and commissions, after two robust public hearings in a 6-1 vote by our duly elected city council, after review by 13 different federal and state judges, the full weight of the legislative,, executive and judicial branches of government has been brought to bear. And that is why these monuments are coming down in accordance with the law and will be removed.
Mitch Landrieu: (17:00)
So now is the time to come together to heal and to focus on our larger task, not only building new symbols, but making this city a beautiful manifestation of what is possible and what we as a people can become. And so let us remember the once exiled, imprisoned, and universally loved now Nelson Mandela and what he said after apartheid: “If the pain has often been unbearable and the revelation shocking to all of us, it is because they indeed bring us the beginnings of a common understanding of what happened and a steady restoration of this nation’s humanity.”
Mitch Landrieu: (17:47)
So before we part, let us again state clearly for all to hear. The Confederacy was on the wrong side of history and humanity. It sought to tear apart our nation and subjugate our fellow Americans to slavery. This is a history we should never forget and one that we should never ever again put on a pedestal to be revered. As a community, we must recognize the significance of removing New Orleans Confederate monuments.
Mitch Landrieu: (18:16)
It is our acknowledgement that now is a time to take stock of and then move past a painful part of our history. Anything less would render generations of courageous struggle and soul searching a truly lost cause. Anything less would fall short of the immortal words of our greatest president, Abraham Lincoln, who with an open heart and a clarity of purpose calls on us today across the ages to unite as one people when he said, “with malice towards none, with charity, for all, with firmness in right as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work that we are in, to bind up the nation’s wounds, to do all which may achieve and cherish, a just and lasting peace among ourselves and with all nations.”
Mitch Landrieu: (19:16)
God bless you all, God bless New Orleans, and God bless the United States of America.